Managing forests as common property (FAO Forestry Paper 136)

Table of Contents

by J.E.M. Arnold


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Rome, 1998

ISBN 92-5-104122-9

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© FAO 1998

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Table of Contents




Other documents related to tree and forest management

Chapter 1. Background

Defining common property concepts and terms

Common property or open access?
Institutional factors
Circumstances favouring common property

Forest resources and outputs as common property

Chapter 2. Learning from systems with historical and indigenous origins

Southeast Asia
South Asia

Forest belt
Hill areas
Low rainfall plains

Sub-Saharan Africa
South America
Lessons learned

The decline in management of forests as common property
Common property regimes that have endured or emerged

Chapter 3: Case studies of contemporary collective and co-management systems

Management of natural resources on communal lands

Ejido Forests - Mexico
Campfire - Zimbabwe

Joint collective management of areas of state forest

Hill community forestry - Nepal
Van Panchayats - Uttar Pradesh, India
Joint Forest Management - India

Management of forestry and agriculture on forest land

Communal forest stewardship agreements - The Philippines
Forest villages - Thailand

Management of collective forestation on village lands

Social forestry village woodlots - India
Village forestry - Republic of Korea

Chapter 4: Assessing the implications of past and ongoing experience

A framework for analysis
Identifying local circumstances favourable to common property management

Physical and technical characteristics of the resource
Characteristics of the group of users
Attributes of institutional arrangements

Economic pressures and opportunities
Vulnerability to conflict and the regulatory framework

The legal and tenurial context
Conflict resolution

The presence of the state

Decentralization and devolution
Transition issues within forest departments
NGOs as intermediaries and providers of support services

Chapter 5: Conclusions

Broader factors affecting choice of forest management regimes
Supporting local collective management of forests
Local factors affecting capacity to organize and manage


Community forestry publications