The community's toolbox: The idea, methods and tools for participatory assessment, monitoring and evaluation in community forestry

Table of contents

Community Forestry Field Manual 2
Prepared by: D'Arcy Davis Case
Illustrated by: Tony Grove
Design and Layout by: Carmen Apted
Printed by: FAO Regional Wood Energy Development Programme in Asia, Bangkok, Thailand

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome, 1990

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Applications for such permission, with a statement of the purpose and extent of the reproduction, should be addressed to the Director, Publications Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.

FAO 1990




Section one: The idea

Chapter One : Getting the idea

1. Changes in community forestry.
2. What is PAME?
3. The principles of PAME.
4. The benefits of PAME.
5. Where will PAME work ?
6. When can PAME begin ?
7. Changing ideas about community development.
8. PAME builds on two-way communication.

Section two: The Methods

Chapter two: Participatory assessment

1. What is participatory assessment?
2. Benefits of participatory assessment.
3. Steps to participatory assessment.

Chapter three: Participatory assessment

1. What is a participatory baseline?
2. The benefits of participatory baselines.
3. Steps to participatory baselines.

Chapter four: Participatory monitoring

1. What is participatory monitoring?
2. The benefits of participatory monitoring.
3. Monitoring people's participation.
4. Steps to participatory monitoring.

Chapter five: Participatory evaluation

1. What is participatory evaluation?
2. The benefits of participatory evaluation.
3. Steps to participatory evaluation.

Chapter six: Information analysis

1. What is analysis?
2. Steps to analysis of information

Chapter seven: Presentation of results

1. The importance of presenting results.
2. Who will receive the results?
3. When and where are the results needed?
4. How will results be presented?
5. Some guidelines for presentation of results.
6. Written presentation of results.
7. Visual presentation of results.
8. Oral presentation of results.

Section three: The tools

Chapter eight: The tools and how to use them

1. Some guidelines for choosing the most appropriate tool for a community.
2. An overview of the tools.
3. Sampling methods.
4. Sample size
Tool 1: Group meetings
Tool 2: Drawing and discussion
Tool 3: Murals and posters
Tool 4: Flannel boards
Tool 5: Open-ended stories
Tool 6: Unserialized posters
Tool 7: Community case studies
Tool 8: Historical mapping
Tool 9: Semi-structured interviews
Tool 10: Ranking, rating and sorting
Tool 11: Community environmental assessment
Tool 12: Survival surveys
Tool 13: Participatory action research
Tool 14: Maps and mapping
Tool 15: Farmer's own records
Tool 16: Nursery record book
Tool 17: Community financial accounts
Tool 18: Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and limitations (S.W.O.L.) analysis
Tool 19: Popular theatre
Tool 20: Puppet theatre
Tool 21: Community directed visual images
Tool 22: Community directed tape recordings
Tool 23: Community directed videos