Previous Page Table of Contents Next Page


Adams, R.N. 1959 A Community in the Andes. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin.

Agarwal, A. and Anand, A. 1982 Ask the Women Who do the Work. New Scientist (4 November), London.

Allan, W. 1965 The African Husbandman. London.

Arnold, J.E.M. 1983 Economic Considerations in Agroforestry Projects. Agroforestry Systems, 1(4):299-311.

Atmosoedarjo, S. 1982 Rural Community Development and its Implementation in the Forest Areas of Indonesia. In: FAO (1982).

Atmosoedarjo, S. and Banyard, S.G. 1978 The Prosperity Approach to Forest Community Development in Java. Commonwealth Forestry Review, 57(2):89-98.

Atmosoedarjo, S. and Wijayakusumah, K. 1979 Ecological Aspects of Agroforestry in the Lowland Humid Tropics: Southeast Asia. In: Chandler and Spurgeon (1979).

Aulaqi, N.A. 1982 Household Energy and Tree Seedling Demand Survey in the Southern Uplands of The Yemen Arab Republic. UNDP/IBRD Project for Institutional Support to the Ministry of Agriculture, Sana’a, Yemen Arab Republic.

Bajracharya, D. 1983 Deforestation in the Food/Fuel Context: Historical and Political Perspectives from Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 3(3):227-240.

Ball, J.B. 1977 Taungya in Southern Nigeria. FAO, Rome.

Ball, J.B. and Umeh, L.I. 1982 Development Trends in Taungya in the Moist Lowland Forest of Nigeria. In: MacDonald (1982).

Barre, W. 1948 The Aymara Indians of the Lake Titicaca Plateau, Bolivia. American Anthropological Association, Memoir No. 68.

Basu, N.G. 1984 Community Forestry and the Local Community. In: Wiersum (1984).

Bayoume, A.A. 1976 The Role of Shelterbelts in Sudanese Irrigated Agriculture with Particular Reference to the Gezira. Sudan Silva, 2(III).

Behmel, F. and Neumann. 1982 An Example of Agro-forestry for tropical mountain areas. In: MacDonald (1982).

Ben Salem, B. and Van Nao, T. 1981 Fuelwood Production in Traditional Farming Systems. Unasylva, 33(151), Rome.

Bhatia, B.S. 1984 Evaluation of Gujarat Social Forestry Programme, Extension/Communications Component (Unpublished draft). Sardar Patel Institute of Economic and Social Research, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

Bhattarai, T.N. and Campbell, J.G. 1983 Community Forestry Development Project: Annual Progress Report for 1982-83. Miscellaneous Document No. 15, Monitoring and Evaluation Unit, HMG/UNDP/FAO Community Forestry Development Project, Nepal.

Bhattarai, T.N. and Campbell, J.G. 1984 Data Collection Guidelines for Monitoring and Evaluating Community Forestry Activities in Nepal. Field Document No. 5. HMG/UNDP/FAO Community Forestry Development Project, Nepal.

Bhattarai, T.N. and Campbell, J.G. 1985 Monitoring and Evaluation of the Community Forestry Project in Nepal: A Critical Case Study. Draft for FAO, Rome.

Bognetteau-Verlinden, E. 1980 Study on Impact of Windbreaks in Majjia Valley, Niger. CARE/Niger Forest Service.

Bradley, P. 1984 The District Resource Analysis as Applied to Kakamega District. Kenya Woodfuel Development Programme, Working Paper No. 2. Nairobi.

Brokensha, D. and Riley, B.W. 1978 Forest, Forage, Fences and Fuel in a Marginal Area of Kenya. USAID Africa Bureau Firewood Workshop, Washington, D.C.

Brokensha, D., Riley, B.W. and Castro, A.P. 1983a Fuelwood Use in Rural Kenya: Impacts of Deforestation. Revised draft report. Institute for Development Anthropology, New York.

Brokensha, D., Warren, D.M., and Werner O. (eds.). 1983b Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Development. University Press of America.

Bruce, J., L. Fortmann and J. Riddell. 1984 Trees and Tenure: An Introduction. Agroforestry Systems (in press).

Buck, L.E. 1984 NGOs and Agroforestry Tree Seed Supply in Kenya, a Case Study. In: Burley and von Carlowitz (1984).

Budowski, G. 1983 An Attempt to Quantify Some Current Agroforestry Practices in Costa Rica. In: Huxley (1983).

Burley, J. 1982 Obstacles to Tree Planting in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands: Comparative Case Studies from India and Kenya. United Nations University.

Burley, J. and von Carlowitz, P. (eds.) 1984 Multipurpose Tree Germplasm. ICRAF, Nairobi.

Byron, R. 1985 Supply and Demand of Forest Products and Future Development Strategies. FAO Terminal Report prepared for project BDG/78/010.

Campbell, J.G. 1978 Community Involvement in Conservation. United States Agency for International Development, Nepal.

Campbell, J.G. and Bhattarai, T.N. 1982 Plantation Survival, Private Planting, Improved Stove Use, and Knowledge Increase in Community Forestry: Results from On-going Evaluation Surveys, 1982-1983. Miscellaneous Document No. 15. HMG/UNDP/FAO Community Forestry Development Project, Nepal.

Campbell, J.G. and Bhattarai, T.N. 1983 People and Forests in Hill Nepal. Project Paper No. 10. HMG/UNDP/FAO Community Forestry Development Project, Nepal.

Castro, A.P. 1984 Household Tree Planting and Fuelwood Use: Two Case Studies from East Africa. Unpublished dissertation. University of California (Santa Barbara), California.

Catterson, T.M. 1984 AID Experience in the Forestry Sector in the Sahel - Opportunities for the Future. Concerted Action in Developing the Ecology/Forestry Sector in the Sahel Countries - Meeting of the Steering Committee sponsored by CILSS/Club du Sahel. OECD, Paris, Prance, 14-15 June.

Centre for Science and Environment. 1982 The State of India’s Environment - A Citizens’ Report. New Delhi.

Cernea, M.M. 1981 Land Tenure Systems and Social Implications of Forestry Development Programs. Agriculture and Rural Development Department, World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Chambers, R. 1978 Rural Poverty-Oriented Monitoring & Evaluation: Simple is Optimal? Institute of Development Studies (University of Sussex), U.K.

Chandler, T. and Spurgeon, D. 1979 International Cooperation in Agroforestry. ICRAF, Nairobi.

Chandrasekharan, C. 1983 Rural Organizations in Forestry. In: FAO (1983).

Chauvin, H. 1981 When an African City Runs Out of Fuel. Unasylva, 33(133):11.

Chowdhry, K. 1983 Social Forestry and the Rural Poor. Discussion Paper No. 10, Ford Foundation, New Delhi.

Clark, G.C. 1982 Policies, Design, and Organization of Forestry Extension Programmes. In: FAO (1982).

Combe, J. and Budowski, G. 1979 Classification of Agroforestry Techniques. In: de la Salas (1979).

Compaoré, A., Laban, P., Visser, W., and Zongo, A. 1984 Les actions Bois de Villages en Haute-Volta. In: Wiersum (1984).

Cruz, C.A. 1980 Forestry and the Filipino Women. In: Mathur, et al., (1980).

de la Salas, G. (ed.) 1979 Proceedings of a Workshop on Agro-forestry Systems in Latin America. CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.

de Montalembert, M.R. and Clement, J. 1983 Fuelwood Supplies in the Developing Countries. FAO Forestry Paper No. 42, FAO, Rome.

Deneven, W.M., Treacy, J.M., Alcorn, J.B., Padoch, C., Denslow, J., and Paitan, S.F. 1984 Indigenous Agroforestry in the Peruvian Amazon: Bora Indian Management of Swidden Fallows. Interciencia, 9(6):346-357.

de Pater, C. 1984 Summary of Initial Forest Management Plans Prepared for Community Forest. Miscellaneous Doc. no. 24. HMG/UNDP/FAO Community Forestry Development Project, Nepal.

Development Bank of the Philippines. 1981 Smallholder Treefarming Project. Project Completion Report, Discussion Draft. Agricultural Plans and Programs Staff.

DeWalt, B. 1982 The Big Macro Connection: Population, Grain, and Cattle in Southern Honduras. In: Culture and Agriculture, No. 14.

Dewees, P.A. 1983 Wood Balance and Market Studies: A Preliminary Assessment. Gujarat Community Forestry Project. Office Report. International Institute for Environment and Development, Washington, D.C.

Direction des Eaux et Forets, Republic of Upper Volta. 1965 Secteur de Restauration de Sols de Ouahigouya.

Douglas, J. 1981 Consumption and Supply of Wood and Bamboo in Bangladesh. FAO/UNDP/Bangladesh Planning Commission, Dacca.

Energy Studies Unit. 1981 Malawi Rural Energy Survey. Energy Unit, Ministry of Agriculture, Lilongwe, Malawi.

Energy Studies Unit. 1983 Energy Notes Number 4. Ministry of Forestry and Natural Resources, Lilongwe, Malawi.

Evans, J. 1984 Soil and Water Management Aspects of Forestation. In: Wiersum (1984).

FAO. 1978 Forestry for Local Community Development. FAO Forestry Paper No. 7, FAO, Rome.

FAO. 1979 China: Mass Mobilization of Rural Communities for Reforestation. FAO, Rome.

FAO. 1980 Incentives for Community Involvement in Forestry and Conservation Programmes. Report on FAO/SIDA/CIDIAT Study Tour, FAO, Rome.

FAO. 1982 Report of the FAO/SIDA Seminar on Forestry Extension. Semarang, Indonesia. FAO, Rome.

FAO. 1983 Report of the FAO/SIDA Consulation on Forestry Administration for Development. FAO, Rome.

FAO. 1984 Tanzania, Fuelwood Consumption and Supply in the Semi-arid Areas. FAO, Rome.

FAO. 1985 Monitoring and Evaluation of Participatory Forestry Projects. FAO, Rome, 1985.

FAO. 1985 The Contribution of Small-Scale Forest Based Processing Enterprises to Rural Non-farm Employment and Income in Selected Developing Countries. FAO. Rome, 1985. Document FO:MISC/85/4.

Felker, P. 1978 State of the Art: Acacia albida as a Complementary Permanent Intercrop with Annual Crops. University of California, Riverside, CA.

Foley, G. and Barnard, G. 1984 Farm and Community Forestry. Earthscan, International Institute for Environment and Development, London.

Fortmann, L. 1984 The Tree Tenure Factor in Agro-forestry with Particular Reference to Africa. Agro-forestry Systems, 2: 231-248.

French, D. 1985 Context Monitoring: The Energy Studies Unit and the Malawi Wood Energy Project. Draft for FAO, Rome.

Getahun, A., Wilson, G.F., and Kang, B.T. 1982 The Role of Trees in Farming Systems in the Humid Tropics. In: MacDonald (1982).

Gewald, N.J. and Ugalde, 1981 L.A. Proyecto Leña y Fuentes Alternas de Energía. Informe del Seminario Movil del Proyecto Leña Realizado en Costa Rica y Nicaragua.

Gibbs, C. 1982 Institutional Obstacles to Effective Forestry for Local Community Development in Asia. USAID Conference on Forestry and Development in Asia, Bangalore, India.

Gliessman, S.R., et al. 1981 The Ecological Basis for the Application of Traditional Agricultural Technology in the Management of Tropical Agro-Ecosystems. Agro-Ecosystems, 7:173-185.

Gregersen, H.M. and Contreras, A.H. 1979 Economic Analysis of Forestry Projects. FAO Forestry Paper 17. FAO, Rome.

Gregersen, H.M. 1982 Village Forestry Development in the Republic of Korea, A Case Study. FAO, Rome.

Gulick, Frances A. 1984 Increasing Agricultural Food Production through Selected Tree Planting Techniques - A Summary Memorandum with Selected References. Office of Technical Resources, Bureau for Africa, USAID, Washington, D.C.

Gupta, T. 1979 Some Financial and Natural Resource Management Aspects of Commercial Cultivation of Irrigated Eucalyptus in Gujarat, India. Indian Journal of Forestry, 2(2):118.

Gupta, T. and Mohan, G. 1982 Economics of Trees Versus Annual Crops on Marginal Agricultural Lands. CMA Monograph No. 81. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co., New Delhi.

Hammer, T. 1982 Reforestation and Community Development in the Sudan. Resources for the Future, Washington, D.C.

Hanafie, S. 1980 Mantri + lurah = Ma-Lu. Unasylva 32(130):25-26.

Horowitz, M. and Badi, K. 1981 Sudan: Introduction of Forestry in Grazing Systems. FAO, Rome.

Hoskins, M.W. 1979 Community Participation in African Fuelwood Production, Transformation and Utilization. Workshop on Fuelwood and Other Renewable Fuels in Africa, Paris. Overseas Development Council, Washington, D.C.

Hoskins, M. and Guigonis, G. 1979 Actions Forestières pour le Développement Rural Communautaire au Sénégal. FAO, Rome.

Hoskins, M.W. 1982 Benefits Foregone as a Major Issue for FLCD Success. Community Forestry Workshop, Washington, D.C. USAID, Washington, D.C.

Huxley, P.A. (ed.) 1983 Plant Research and Agroforestry. ICRAF, Nairobi.

Hyman, E.L. 1982 Loan Financing of Smallholder Treefarming for Fuelwood Production in the Province of Ilocos Norte, Philippines. East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Hyman, E.L. 1983a Pulpwood Treefarming in the Philippines from the Viewpoint of the Smallholder: An Ex Post Evaluation of the PICOP Project. Agricultural Administration, 14:23-49.

Hyman, E.L. 1983b Smallholder Tree Farming in the Philippines. Unasylva, 35(139):25-31.

Hyman, E.L. 1983c Loan Financing of Smallholder Treefarming in the Provinces of Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur, the Philippines. Agroforestry Systems, 1:225-243.

Jaiswal, P.L. (ed.) 1981 Proceedings of the Agro-forestry Seminar. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi.

Jones, J. 1982a Socio-Cultural Constraints in Working with Small Farmers in Forestry: Case of Land Tenure in Honduras. CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.

Jones, J. 1982b Diagnóstico Socio-Económico sobre el Consumo y Producción de Leña en Fincas Pequeñas de la Peninsula de Azuero, Panama. CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.

Jones, J. and Campos, J.J. 1983 Actitudes Hacia la Reforestación entre los Agricultores de Piedades Norte, Costa Rica. CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.

Jones, P.H. 1983 Lamtoro and the Amarasi Model from Timor. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 19(3):106-112.

Kaale, B.K. 1982 Tanzania Five Year National Village Afforestation Plan 1982/3 - 1986/7. Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

King, K.F.S. 1968 Agri-silviculture (the Taungya System). Bulletin No. 1, Department of Forestry, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

Kunstadter, P., Chapman, B.C., and Sabhasri, S. (eds.). 1982 Farmers in the Forest: Economic Development and Marginal Agriculture in Northern Thailand. University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Kunstadter, P. 1983 Karen Agroforestry Processes, Functions, and Implications for Socio-economic, Demographic, and Environmental Change in Northern Thailand. Mountain Research and Development, 3(4):326-337.

Lanly, J.P. 1982 Tropical Forest Resources. FAO Forestry Paper No. 30, FAO, Rome.

Leakey, L.S.B. 1977 The Southern Kikuyu Before 1902. Academic Press, New York.

Lundgren, B. 1982 The Use of Agroforestry to Improve the Productivity to Converted Tropical Land (draft). Report for the Office of Technology Assessment, Congress of the United States, Washington, D.C.

MacDonald, L.H. (ed.). 1982 Agro-Forestry in the African Humid Tropics. Proceedings of a Workshop in Ibadan, Nigeria. United Nations University, Tokyo, Japan.

Magno, V.C. 1982 Extension Components of Small-holder tree farming in the Philippines. In: FAO (1982).

Mathur, H.N., Kaul, O.N., Chowdhary, R.L., and Chatterjee, N. (eds.) 1980 Proceedings of the Seminar on the Role of Women in Community Forestry. Forest Research Institute (Dehra Dun) and the Ministry of Agriculture (India).

Metzner, J.K. 1976 Lamtoronisasi: an Experiment in Soil Conservation. Bulletin Indonesian Economic Studies, 12:103-109.

Metzner, J. 1983 Innovations in Agriculture Incorporating Traditional Production Methods: The Case of Amarasi (Timor). Bulletin Indonesian Economic Studies 19(3): 94-105.

Mishra, A. 1982 Voluntary Efforts in Social Forestry (India). Gandhi Peace Foundation, New Delhi.

Misra, S.N. 1983 Evaluation: An Interim Report. West Bengal Social Forestry Project. Monitoring and Evaluation Cell, Social Forestry Wing, Forest Directorate, West Bengal.

Molnar, A. 1981 The Dynamics of Traditional Systems for Forest Management in Nepal: Implications for the Community Forestry Development and Training Project. ASPEA, World Bank, Washington D.C.

Morgan, W.B., Moris, R.P., and Ojo, G.J.A. (eds.). 1980 Rural Energy Systems in the Humid Tropics. United Nations University, Tokyo.

Murray, G.F. 1983 Reforestation in Haiti. Earthscan Press Briefing Seminar on the Caribbean Environment, Cartagena, Colombia.

Nair, P.K.R. 1984 Soil Productivity Aspects of Agroforestry. ICRAF, Nairobi.

National Academy of Sciences. 1980 Firewood Crops: Shrub and Tree Species for Energy Production. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.

National Research Council. 1983 Calliandra: A Versatile Small Tree for the Humid Tropics. Board of Science and Technology for International Development, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.

Nilsson, P. 1983 Support to Village Afforestation, Tanzania: Survey of Woodfuel Supply Needs. Seminar at Institute of Resource Assessment, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Noronha, R. 1980 Village Woodlots: Are they a Solution? National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.

Noronha, R. 1982 Seeing People for the Trees: Social Issues in Forestry. USAID Conference on Forestry and Development in Asia, Bangalore, India.

Paroda, R.S. and Muthana, K.D. 1981 Agro-forestry Practices in the Arid Zone. In: Jaiswal (1981).

Patel, G.A. and Doshi, D.S. 1984 Monitoring - Interim Report Gujarat Community Forestry Project (Unpublished draft). Community Forestry Wing, Gujarat State Forest Department, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.

Pelinck, E., Manandhar, P.K. and Gecolea, R.H. 1984 Training and Extension for Community Forestry in Nepal. Field Document No. 7. HMG/UNDP/FAO Community Forestry Development Project, Nepal.

Pelzer, K.J. 1948 Pioneer Settlement in the Asiatic Tropics. American Geographical Society, New York.

Pelzer, K.J. 1982 Swidden Cultivation in Southeast Asia: Historical, Ecological and Economic Perspects. In: Kunstadter, et al., (1982).

Poulsen, G. 1983 Using Farm Trees for Fuelwood. Unasylva, 35(141).

PRECOBA. 1982 Etudes Sociologiques: la Motivation et les Actions des Populations à l’Egard de l’Abre. Projet de Reboisements Communautaires dans le Bassin Arachidier du Sénégal. Rapport Technique No. 1., Republic du Sénégal.

Raintree, J.B. 1981 Bio-economic Considerations in the Design of Agroforestry Intercropping Systems. ICRAF, Nairobi.

Raintree, J.B. 1983 Strategies for Enhancing the Adoptability of Agroforestry Innovations. Agroforestry Systems, 1(3):173-187.

Raintree, J.B. 1985 Agroforestry, Tropical Land Use and Tenure. Background paper for the International Consultative Workshop on Tenure Issues in Agroforestry. 27-31 May 1985, Nairobi.

Romm, J. 1980 Assessing the Benefits and Costs of Social Forestry Projects. The Indian Forester, 106 (7).

Russell, C.S. and Nicholson, N.K. (eds.). 1979 Public Choice and Rural Development. Resources for the Future, Washington D.C.

Sardar Patel Institute of Economic and Social Research. 1985 Evaluation of Gujarat Social Forestry Programme: Village Social Science Survey Report (Unpublished draft). Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

Seth, S.K. 1981 India and Sri Lanka Agro-forestry. FAO, Rome.

Shiva, V., Sharatchandra, H.C. and Bandyapadhyag, J. 1981 Social, Economic and Ecological Impact of Social Forestry in Kolar. Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore, India.

Shiva, V., Sharatchandra, H.C. and Bandyapadhyag, J. 1982 Social Forestry: No Solution within the Market. The Ecologist, 12(14):158-168.

Shukla, R. and M.K. Dalvi. 1984 Evaluation of the Gujarat Social Forestry Programme (Unpublished draft report). Sardar Patel Institute, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

SIDA/FAWCDA. 1982 Report from International Seminar on Community Forestry. Swedish International Development Authority and Ethiopian Forestry and Wildlife Conservation and Development Authority.

Skutsch, M. 1983 Why People Don’t Plant Trees: Village Case Studies, Tanzania. Resources for the Future, Washington, D.C.

Slade, R.H. and R. Noronha. 1984 An Operational Guide to the Monitoring and Evaluation of Social Forestry in India. Working Draft. World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Srinivasan, G. and Ramadoss, N. 1983 Social Forestry Project in Tamil Nadu. Survey Report, III Phase, First Round. Anna Institute of Management, Madras.

Sundaram, S. 1978 Social Forestry Project in Tamil Nadu. Department of Forests, Government of Tamil Nadu, India.

Taylor, G.F. and Soumaré, M. 1984 Strategies for Forestry Development in the Semi-Arid Tropics: Lessons from the Sahel. In: Wiersum (1984).

Thomson, J.T. 1979 Public Choice Analysis of Institutional Constraints on Firewood Production Strategies in the West African Sahel. In: Russell and Nicholson (1979).

Thomson, J.T. 1983 Participation, Local Organization, Land and Tree Tenure: Future Directions for Sahelian Forestry. Club du Sahel.

van Buren, E.A. 1983 Patterns of Woodfuel Scarcity and Commercialisation: The Case of Kenya. International Institute for Environment and Development, London.

van Dam, C. 1985 Communication for Community Forestry Development - Peru. Forestry for Local Community Development Newsletter, (in press). FAO, Rome.

van Gelder, B. and P. Kerkhof. 1984 The Agro-forestry Survey in Kakamega District. Kenya Woodfuel Development Programme, Working Paper No. 3. Nairobi.

Weber, F. 1981 Village Woodlot Firewood Production. Joint AFRICARE/AID/PC Evaluation, Africare, Senegal.

Weber, F. 1982 Review of CILSS Forestry Sector Program Analysis Papers. USAID Forestry Support Programme, USAID, Washington, D.C.

Weber, F. and Hoskins, M. 1983 Agroforestry in the Sahel. Dept. of Sociology. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Blacksburg, Virginia.

Wiersum, K.F. (ed.) 1981 Viewpoints on Agro-forestry. Department of Forestry, Agricultural University, Wageningen, Netherlands.

Wiersum, K.F. (ed.) 1984 Strategies and Designs for Afforestation, Reforestation, and Tree Planting. Proceedings of an International Symposium. PUDOC, Wageningen, Netherlands.

Wiersum, K.F. and Veer, C.P. 1983 Loan Financing of Smallholder Treefarming in Ilocos, a Comment. Agroforestry Systems 1(4):361-365.

Wilken, G.C. 1978 Integrating Forest and Small-scale Farm Systems in Middle America. Forest Ecology and Management, 1(1):223-234.

Winterbottom, R.T. 1980 Reforestation in the Sahel: Problems and Strategies. African Studies Association Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. October.

World Bank. 1984 Economic Analysis Issues in Bank Financed Forestry Projects. World Bank AGR Technical Note, Discussion Draft, Agricultural and Rural Development Department, World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Wright, P. 1983 Projet Agro Forestier (OXFAM): Rapport de Fin de Campagne 1982 au Yatenga, Haute Volta.

Previous Page Top of Page Next Page